Chapter 56.1 Who’s Who in Light of Life
Twelve Apostles of Jesus, twelve original oil paintings on canvas by L. Lovett,
size 18 x 14 inches, first eleven completed January to December 1965
Twelve Apostles of Jesus, twelve original oil paintings on canvas by L. Lovett,
size 18 x 14 inches, first eleven completed January to December 1965, Paul completed November 1967
Top Row left to right: Simon Peter, Andrew (brother of Peter), John (son of Zebedee and Salome), James (older brother of John).
Middle Row left to right: Philip, Bartholomew or Nathanael (son of Thalmai), Matthew (Levi), Thomas (Didymus).
Bottom Row left to right: James (son of Alphaeus), Thaddaeus, Judas, or Jude (son of James),
Simon the Zealot, Paul (formerly Saul of Tarsus).
(CLICK on the image above for a LARGER version)

Alphabetical List of Who’s Who
(Except all names for God, Jesus, and Holy Spirit)


Aaron (fictitious name), father of John Mark, husband of Mary, lived in Jerusalem house with upper room during time of Christ’s ministry
Chapters: 32.1, 42.1, 43.1

Abraham, father of Isaac, grandfather of Jacob, founder of Nation of Israel
Chapter: 24.1

Adam, created by God, first man, husband of Eve
Chapter: intro

Aeneas, man who had been bedridden with paralysis for eight years, was healed by Peter in Lydda
Chapter: 48.1

Alexander the Great, born 356 B.C., Greek conqueror before Roman Empire, founder of Alexandria in Egypt, established Greek cities in Holy Land. Through his efforts Greek became language of literature and commerce that was important to spread of Gospel.

Ananias of Damascus, disciple of Jesus, placed hands on Paul who afterwards received his sight
Chapter: 47.1

Andrew, son of John (Jonah), one of Twelve Apostles, brother of Simon Peter, fisherman from Bethsaida Galilee, lived at Capernaum, former disciple of John the Baptist, brought Peter to Jesus, gave up fish business to catch people for the Master. He brought a boy with five loaves and two fish to him. That was all Jesus needed to feed five thousand people. Certain Greeks came to see Jesus, and Andrew and Philip brought them to him.
Chapters: 9.1, 14.1, 17.1, 21.1, 27.1, 31.1, 44.1

Anna, prophetess, daughter of Phanuel from tribe of Asher, beheld child Jesus in Temple
Chapter: 3.2

Annas, Jewish high priest, ruled in Temple at time Jesus went to Temple at age twelve. About A.D. 6 Annas was appointed high priest by Quirinius and was deposed about A.D. 15 by Valarius Gratus, governor of Judea. Annas’ five sons became high priests and he was father-in-law to Caiaphas who was high priest when Jesus began his ministry.
Chapters: 10.1, 37.1, 38.1, 39.1, 41.3, 45.1, 46.1

Apollos, Jewish man born in Alexandria, learned, cultured, versed in Scriptures, taught by Priscilla and Aquila in the full ways of Christ, associate of Paul, many scholars believe Apollos was the writer of Hebrews
Chapter: 52.1

Aquila, owner of tent making business with wife Priscilla in Corinth where they received Paul into their home, and were his close associates for the rest of his life
Chapters: 51.2, 52.1, 53.1

Aretas, Nabatean king from 9 B.C. to A.D. 40, father-in-law to Herod Antipas

Aristarchus, one of Paul’s traveling companions from Thessalonica in Macedonia who traveled with Paul on his Third Missionary Journey and was seized at the riot in Ephesus along with Gaius. Aristarchus was referred to as Paul’s fellow prisoner.
Chapter: 53.1

Augustus, Caesar, Emperor of Rome from 27 B.C. to A.D. 14, ruled when Jesus was born and grew up


Balthazar (traditional name), one of wise men from East who brought gifts to child Jesus
Chapter: 4.1

Barabbas, “son of the father,” condemned murderer who was set free instead of Jesus
Chapter: 38.1

Bar-Jesus (Elymas the Sorcerer), blinded by Paul when he attempted to prevent the apostle from preaching the Gospel to Sergius Paulus at Paphos
Chapter: 50.1

Barnabas, one of the early disciples who had sold his only piece of property in Cyprus and donated the money to the congregation, older cousin of John Mark, introduced Saul to Peter in Jerusalem, accompanied Saul on his First Missionary Journey
Chapters: 48.1, 49.1, 50.1

Bartholomew or Nathanael (son of Thalmai), one of Twelve Apostles, from Cana in Galilee, possible disciple of John the Baptist. When Philip found the Messiah, he ran and told Nathanael-Bartholomew.
Chapters: 9.1, 17.1, 43.1

Bartimaeus, son of Timaeus, blind beggar for many years until Christ restored his sight on Jericho road
Chapter: 29.1

Benaiah (fictitious name), crucified criminal at the Lord’s right hand who said to Jesus, “Remember me when you come into your kingdom.”
Chapter: 39.2

Benjamin (fictitious person), family physician of Martha, Mary, and Lazarus; friend of Nicodemus and follower of Christ
Chapter: 27.1


Caiaphas, Joseph, son-in-law of Annas, high priest of Jesus’ time A.D. 18-36, chief conspirator with Annas for crucifying their Messiah, removed in year 36 by Romans.
Chapters: 10.1, 24.1, 24.2, 28.1, 37.1, 38.1, 39.1, 40.1, 41.3, 45.1, 46.1, 47.1

Caligula (Gaius), Roman emperor A.D. 37-41, ruled when Paul was received by Jerusalem leaders and when church was established in Syrian Antioch

Chuza, husband of Joanna. He was Herod Antipas’ steward and royal official in the region around Capernaum, it could possibly have been his son who was healed by Jesus (John 4:46-54).
Chapter: 13.1

Claudia Procula (traditional name), wife of Pontius Pilate, Roman procurator of Judea A.D. 26-36 during Christ’s ministry
Chapters: 38.1, 48.1

Claudius, Roman emperor A.D. 41-54; ruled during First and Second Missionary Journeys of Paul, and his letters to Thessalonica and Galatia

Cleopas, Jesus’ third appearance on Resurrection Sunday was to Cleopas and another disciple as they were going from the upper room in Jerusalem to Emmaus. (Cleopas not same person as Clopas.)
Chapter: 42.1

Clopas, husband of Mary, mother of James the younger and Joseph (Joses), possibly brother of Joseph of Nazareth, (not same person as Cleopas, one of disciples on way to Emmaus)

Coponius, Roman Procurator of Judea under Quirinius at time Jesus went to Temple at age twelve

Cornelius, centurion who called for Peter to come to Caesarea after Pentecost; possibly same centurion who headed elite Italian regiment and personal guard who accompanied Pilate and his wife from Caesarea to Jerusalem; and possibly centurion who was in charge of Christ’s crucifixion.
Chapters: 38.1, 39.1, 39.3, 40.1, 48.1, 49.1


David, son of Jesse, Old Testament King of Israel, ancestor of Messiah
Chapter: 44.1

David (fictitious person), shepherd’s son at Jesus’ birth
Chapter: 2.1

Domitian, Roman emperor during A.D. 81 to 96; during his reign he demanded worship as a god, persecuted those who didn’t; Apostle John wrote his books and letters during this period


Eli (fictitious person), innkeeper at Bethlehem, husband of Hannah
Chapter: 1.1

Eliezer (fictitious name), man by Pool of Bethesda who had been crippled for thirty-eight years until Jesus healed him
Chapter: 16.1

Elijah, ca. 9 century B.C. Old Testament prophet in 1 & 2 Kings, taken into heaven by whirlwind, expected to return before coming of Day of the Lord, appeared with Jesus and Moses on mount of transfiguration
Chapter: 22.2

Elisha, successor to Elijah, 9 century B.C. prophet during reign of four Jewish kings, saved poor widow from financial distress by miraculous oil supply

Elisabeth, mother of John the Baptist, wife of priest Zechariah, cousin of Mary of Nazareth, first woman besides Mary to hear of coming Savior
Chapter: 5.1

Erastus, sent by Paul to Macedonia as a missionary with Timothy

Esther (fictitious name), woman in crowd with hemorrhage for twelve years, healed by Jesus after touching fringe of his robe
Chapter: 20.1

Eunice, associate of Paul, Jewish Christian wife of a Greek, daughter of Lois, mother of Timothy, lived in Lystra
Chapter: 51.1

Eutychus, young man of Troas who was overcome with sleep while listening to Paul and fell out of a third story window to his death; restored to life by Paul
Chapter: 52.1

Eve, first woman, wife of Adam
Chapter: intro

Ezra (fictitious name), paralyzed man who was healed after being lowered from roof of Peter’s home in Capernaum
Chapter: 15.2


Felix, surname of Antonius Claudius, tyrant procurator of Judea, a Greek made free by Emperor Claudius. When Paul was arrested in Jerusalem, he was brought to Felix who held the apostle for about two years (c. 58-60) hoping for a bribe.
Chapter: 52.1

Festus, Porcius, replaced Felix as procurator of Judea in A.D. 60. At beginning of his rule he took up Paul’s case. When Festus considered bringing Paul to Jerusalem for trial, the apostle appealed to Caesar and his request was granted
Chapter: 52.1


Gabriel, Angel who appeared to Joseph, Mary, possibly shepherds at Christ’s birth
Chapter: 1.1

Gaius, a Macedonian who traveled with Paul on his Third Missionary Journey and was seized at the riot in Ephesus along with Aristarchus

Gamaliel, Pharisee, doctor of Law, grandson of Hillel, first of only seven rabbis to be given title of Rabban, Paul’s teacher
Chapter: 46.1

Gaspar (traditional name), one of wise men from East who brought gifts to child Jesus
Chapter: 4.1


Hannah (fictitious person), innkeeper’s wife at Bethlehem, husband of Eli
Chapter: 1.1

Herod the Great, King of Judea 37-4 B.C., reigned when Jesus was born, died after murder of innocents, father of Tetrarchs Herod Antipas, Herod Philip, Ethnarch Herod Archelaus. The third Temple which was in use in Jesus’ day was begun and largely built by Herod the Great.
Chapters: 3.1, 4.1, 5.1

Herod Agrippa I, grandson of Herod the Great, nephew of Herod Antipas. Agrippa was king of Galilee and Trachonitis A.D. 37-41. Killed James son of Zebedee A.D. 41; ruled as King of the Jews (reconstituted Herodian kingdom of Galilee, Trachonitis, Judea, and Perea) from 41 until he died in 44
Chapters: 48.1, 49.1

Herod Agrippa II, son of Agrippa and last of the Herod line; married Bernice his sister; became king of territory of Philip the tetrarch, Lysanias, and western side of Galilee in A.D. 53; was a favorite in the emperor’s court and helped Festus phrase the letter to Nero that worked in Paul’s favor
Chapter: 52.1

Herod Antipas, Herod the Great’s son, tetrarch of Galilee and Perea at the time of Christ, 4 B.C. to A.D. 39, beheaded John the Baptist, participated in trial of Jesus
Chapters: 13.1, 38.1

Herod Archelaus, son of Herod the Great, made ethnarch of Judea and Idumaea after his father’s death 4 B.C. to A.D. 6, but was soon replaced with a Roman governor

Herod Philip, son of Herod the Great; made tetrarch of Gentile areas northeast of Galilee 4 B.C. to A.D. 34, including city of Caesarea Philippi near Mt. Hermon, site of Jesus’ transfiguration
Chapter: 22.1

Herodias, wicked granddaughter of Herod the Great and Herod Philip’s wife whom Herod Antipas had illegally married; she is mother of Salome (not related to Zebedee’s wife) who demanded death of John the Baptist (at the urging of her mother)
Chapters: 13.1, 20.1

Hosea (fictitious name), rich young ruler, one of religious leaders in local synagogue
Chapter: 28.2


Isaiah, Old Testament prophet of redemption who predicted the Messiah during four reigns of Jewish Kings from Uzziah to Hezekiah, about 740 B.C. to 681 B.C.


Jacob (Israel), son of Isaac, grandson of Abraham, father of Twelve Tribes of Israel, dug a well outside the city of Sychar where Jesus gave Naomi living water
Chapter: 12.1

Jairus, chief ruler of synagogue built by Roman centurion Paulos; Jesus raised his only daughter from death
Chapters: 18.1, 20.1

James, son of Zebedee and Salome, one of Twelve Apostles, older brother of John, nicknamed “Son of Thunder,” fisherman in partnership with Andrew and Peter; part of Christ’s inner circle, witnessed Christ raising Jairus’ daughter from the dead and transfiguration of Jesus, first martyr among apostles
Chapters: 9.1, 14.1, 17.1, 20.1, 22.2, 33.1, 36.1, 43.1, 49.1

James, son of Alphaeus, one of the Twelve Apostles, also called “James the less” to distinguish him from James the brother of John, who may have been older or taller. His mother was one of the three Marys at Calvary. His brother Joses was a believer. His father Alphaeus may also have been the father of Matthew. If so, Alphaeus was highly honored to have two sons who became apostles.
Chapter: 17.1

James, younger half-brother of Jesus, son of Joseph-bar-Jacob and Mary of Nazareth. Christ’s special appearance after his resurrection to James resulted in his conversion. James was pastor of Jerusalem church, gave approval for Paul and Barnabas to preach to Gentiles; was head of Jerusalem Council and supported Paul’s position; James is regarded as author of Epistle of James.
Chapters: 7.1, 43.1, 46.1, 48.1, 49.1

Jeremiah, Old Testament prophet called to prophesy in the thirteenth year of King Josiah 626 B.C., ministry continued through reigns of five successive kings and he saw final destruction of Jerusalem 587 B.C., foretold slaughter of infants in Bethlehem

Joanna, wife of Chuza, Herod Antipas’ steward and royal official in the region around Capernaum; possibly it was her son who was healed by Jesus (John 4:46-54); she became one of the women who supplied funds and ministered to Christ and his apostles; she was at the garden tomb and heard the angels’ message; Jesus appeared to her and other women after his resurrection.
Chapters: 13.1, 26.1, 41.1, 41.3

Joel, son of Pethuel, c. 5 century B.C. Old Testament prophet whom Peter quoted on Day of Pentecost

John, son of Zebedee and Salome, one of Twelve Apostles, younger brother of James, nicknamed “Son of Thunder.” Salome was sister to Mary, Jesus’ mother, and John and James were his cousins. The two brothers were fisherman in partnership with Andrew and Peter. John was first a disciple of the Baptist and brought James to Jesus. Part of Christ’s inner circle, John witnessed Jesus raising Jairus’ daughter from the dead and his transfiguration. Perhaps closest to the Master, the “apostle whom Jesus loved” was the only apostle who did not run away at his trials and crucifixion; the honor was bestowed upon him to care for the Lord’s mother. John was the first to reach the empty tomb on Easter morning and believe in all that Jesus said, and later the first to recognize the risen Master on Galilee’s shore. He was Peter’s companion after Pentecost proclaiming the gospel, and was author of Gospel of John, three epistles, and Revelation. His writings reflect the love of Christ in past, present, and future events.
Chapters: intro, 9.1, 14.1, 17.1, 20.1, 22.2, 23.1, 30.1, 32.1, 33.1, 36.1, 37.1, 38.1, 39.1, 39.2, 39.3, 40.1, 41.1, 41.2, 41.3, 43.1, 44.1, 45.1, 46.1, 55.1

John the Baptist, son of priest Zechariah and Elizabeth, cousin of Mary of Nazareth; born in hill country of Judea about six months before Jesus. He baptized and identified Christ as Messiah, and was considered to be fulfillment of prophecy of Elijah who was to return. After Jesus began his ministry, John was imprisoned by Herod Antipas and later tricked into murdering him by Herodias.
Chapters: 5.1, 7.1, 8.1, 9.1, 13.1, 20.1, 26.1

Jonathan (fictitious name), son of Nathan who brought him to Jesus for healing from spirit of deafness and muteness
Chapter: 22.2

Joseph-bar-Jacob, husband of Mary of Nazareth, legal father (not biological) of Jesus the Christ; descendant of King David, Father of James, Joses, Simon, Jude, unnamed daughters, was alive when Jesus visited Jerusalem Temple at twelve years of age, trained his son in trade of carpenter
Chapters: 1.1, 2.1, 2.2, 3.1, 3.2, 4.1, 5.1, 6.1, 6.2

Joseph of Arimathea, high ranking Pharisee, member of Sanhedrin, became secret disciple and did not participate in conspiracy of Jesus’ death; afterwards he asked Pilate for the body and laid it in his own new tomb with help from Nicodemus.
Chapters: 28.1, 38.1, 39.1, 40.1, 45.1

Joses (Joseph), younger half-brother of Jesus, son of Joseph-bar-Jacob and Mary of Nazareth
Chapter: 7.1

Josiah (fictitious name), beggar who had been blind from birth, healed by Christ who later revealed himself as Messiah
Chapter: 24.2

Jotham (fictitious name), crucified criminal on cross at Jesus’ left hand who did not believe
Chapter: 39.2

Judas of Damascus, disciple of Jesus, owned house where Paul stayed after being struck blind
Chapter: 47.1

Judas Isacariot, one of Twelve Apostles, keeper of the purse, betrayer of Jesus, replaced with Apostle Paul.
Chapters: 17.1, 31.1, 33.1, 36.1

Jude (Judas), younger half-brother of Jesus, son of Joseph-bar-Jacob and Mary of Nazareth, writer of Epistle of Jude
Chapter: 7.1

Julius, Roman centurion of the Augustan band in whose care Paul was placed for the journey from Caesarea to Rome
Chapter: 53.1

Justus, Titius. When the Jews turned against Paul, he left the synagogue and moved his ministry next door to a private house owned by the devout proselyte Justus.
Chapter: 51.2

Lazarus, younger brother of Martha and Mary of Bethany, friend of Jesus who raised him from death on the fourth day; Christ and apostles stayed at his Bethany home when they were in Jerusalem for festivals.
Chapters: 23.1, 27.1


Leonidas (fictitious name), healed from demons by Jesus at Gergesa (Khersa) in the country of Gadara
Chapter: 19.1

Lois, associate of Paul, Jewish Christian mother of Eunice and maternal grandmother of Timothy, lived in Lystra

Luke, “the beloved physician” is traditionally believed to have been a Gentile from Antioch in Syria. He was an associate and companion of Apostle Paul on his second and third missionary journeys, and on his final journey all the way to Rome. There he remained with Paul throughout his captivity. About sixty years after the crucifixion, Luke started writing an account of the beginnings of the faith that was the center of his life. His books, Gospel of Luke and Acts of the Apostles, were addressed to a fellow Christian of considerable social standing, whom he calls “most excellent Theophilus” (Greek: God Lover), a strikingly appropriate name for the patron of the work. An eyewitness himself, Luke also interviewed other eyewitnesses (probably Mary mother of Jesus), and had access to previous manuscripts, arranging all the information in a concise two volume set. Together they form the largest portion of the New Testament, showing how God brought Christians from the heart of Judaism to the heart of the Roman Empire. By preserving the stories and teachings of Christ and the apostles in flawless Greek, his writings serve as priceless treasures of the faith.
Chapters: intro, 51.1, 52.1, 53.1

Lydia, rich woman in the purple dye trade from Thyatira who met Paul by the River Ganga outside Philippi. Lydia’s household was the first in Europe known to have been converted and baptized
Chapter: 51.1


Malchus, high priest’s servant; Peter slashed off his right ear with a sword in Garden of Gethsemane, which Jesus restored
Chapter: 36.1

Mark (John Mark), teenager during ministry of Jesus, son of Mary who owned house with upper room, younger cousin of evangelist Barnabas, friend and companion of Apostle Paul, accompanied them on their missionary journeys. Mark’s Gospel (as interpreted from Peter) was the first, forming the basis of Matthew and Luke’s, and was known to John.
Chapters: intro, 32.1, 36.1, 43.1, 49.1, 50.1, 53.1

Martha, older sister of Mary of Bethany and Lazarus. Possibly she inherited the estate from her deceased husband, and was responsible for her younger sister and brother. Her Bethany home was where Jesus and apostles stayed while they were in Jerusalem.
Chapters: 23.1, 27.1

Mary, mother of John Mark, wife of Aaron, lived in Jerusalem house with upper room in affluent area of Mount Zion where Jesus and apostles ate Last Supper and where Holy Spirit was poured out at Pentecost. Acts 12:12 refers home as Mary’s (husband had died by then), she had servant girl named Rhoda.
Chapters: 32.1, 36.1, 43.1

Mary of Bethany, sister of Martha and Lazarus
Chapters: 23.1, 27.1

Mary Clopas, wife of Clopas, mother of James the younger and Joseph (Joses), one of the women who gave financial assistance and care; was at cross when Jesus died, heard angels’ announcement at tomb, Christ appeared to her and other women after his resurrection
Chapters: 39.1, 40.1, 41.1, 41.3

Mary of Nazareth, descendant of David, wife of Joseph-bar-Jacob, mother of Jesus the Christ, James, Joses, Simon, Jude, unnamed daughters; sister of Salome wife of Zebedee; kinswoman of Elizabeth, mother of John the Baptist. In the Bible she appears in the infancy and childhood narratives, at the cross where she was given into Apostle John’s care, and in upper room at Pentecost.
Chapters: 1.1, 2.1, 2.2, 3.1, 3.2, 4.1, 5.1, 6.1, 6.2, 29.1, 39.1, 39.2, 40.1

Mary Magdalene, set free from seven demons, supported Christ’s ministry with Joanna, Susanna, and others; was at crucifixion and first to see risen Lord at tomb
Chapters: 26.1, 29.1, 39.1, 40.1, 41.1, 41.3

Matthew (Levi), one of Twelve Apostles; former Jewish tax collector employed by Roman government who immediately rose and became an apostle when Jesus said, “Follow me!” He immediately had a reception for Jesus and invited a large party of tax gatherers and others to his home. As a former tax collector, he was skilled at writing and keeping records, and was author of Gospel of Matthew containing the Sermon on the Mount.
Chapters: intro, 15.2, 17.1

Melchior (traditional name), one of wise men from East who brought gifts to child Jesus
Chapter: 4.1

Micah (fictitious name), lame beggar at Beautiful Gate who had been crippled from birth, was healed by Peter and John after Pentecost
Chapter: 45.1

Miriam (fictitious name), widow of Nain, whose son Jesus raised from death
Chapter: 18.1

Moses, Old Testament prophet who delivered Jews from Egypt, gave Ten Commandments and Law to Jewish nation, appeared with Jesus and Elijah on mount of transfiguration
Chapters: 11.1, 22.2


Naomi (ficticious name), Samaritan woman who received living water from Jesus at Jacob’s well at Sychar
Chapter: 12.1

Nathan (fictitious name), brought son Jonathan to Jesus for healing from spirit of deafness and muteness
Chapter: 22.2

Nero, Emperor of Rome A.D. 54-68. Reigned during Paul’s Third Missionary Journey, Paul’s trials by Felix and Festus and appeal to Caesar, Paul’s captivity and release in Rome, writing of N.T. epistles, persecution of Christians after fire in Rome A.D. 64, arrest and martyrdom of Peter and Paul
Chapter: 53.1

Nicodemus, high ranking Pharisee of the Sanhedrin, came to Jesus by night (John 3), became secret disciple and did not participate in conspiracy of Jesus’ death; companion of Joseph of Arimathea and helped him bury Christ’s body
Chapters: 11.1, 23.1, 24.1, 28.1, 38.1, 39.1, 39.3, 40.1, 45.1, 46.1


Paul (formerly Saul of Tarsus), specially commissioned by Christ as Apostle to Gentiles, he replaced Judas Iscariot as one of Twelve Apostles. Saul was a tentmaker by trade. Before his conversion, the young man studied under Rabban Gamaliel, then the brilliant and passionate student of Jewish Law became agent of high priest Caiaphas. With the backing of the Jewish leaders, Saul of Tarsus became the most feared Christian persecutor and thought he was serving God by doing so. It took Jesus’ dazzling personal appearance to turn this stubborn man around on the Damascus road. Christ took hold of him, gave him a commission, and corrected his vision while temporarily blinding his sight. But once he saw the Light, his evaluation of the Gospel was completely reversed. When he began his missionary journeys, he used his Greek name Paul, and became a defender of the faith and evangelist to the Gentiles. His genius for God was the finest creative mind to explain the deepest mysteries of the Christian faith. He was persecuted almost to the point of death and was the most courageous of the apostles. If Peter is the church’s rock, then Paul’s letters are the rest of the building.
Chapters: 46.1, 47.1, 48.1, 49.1, 50.1, 51.1, 51.2, 52.1, 53.1

Paulos (fictitious name), a God-fearing Roman centurion who built the synagogue for the community in Capernaum, and who believed Jesus could heal his servant from a distance
Chapter: 18.1

Paulus, Sergius, Roman proconsul of Cyprus, headquartered in Paphos; became a Christian after Paul preached to him
Chapter: 50.1

Peter (Simon), son of John (Jonah), one of Twelve Apostles, fisherman from Bethsaida Galilee. His brother Andrew brought him to Jesus, and his home at Capernaum provided a base for the Lord’s Galilean ministry. Simon Peter was part of Christ’s inner circle, he witnessed the raising Jairus’ daughter from the dead and transfiguration of Jesus. The loveable tempestuous apostle stood out among the rest and needed special attention from the Master. Repeatedly he was torn between waves of doubt when attempting to walk on water, and epiphany when he declared on Mt. Hermon, “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.” During Jesus’ trial he denied knowing him three times; but all instability changed when he was indwelt with the Holy Spirit on the Day of Pentecost. He became rock-solid and preached a great sermon where three thousand people became believers. Peter “the Rock” lived up to his name and was founder of the Christian church, author of two epistles, and helped Mark write his gospel.
Chapters: 9.1, 14.1, 15.2, 17.1, 20.1, 21.1, 21.3, 22.1, 22.2, 23.1, 28.2, 30.1, 32.1, 33.1, 33.2, 36.1, 37.1, 39.1, 41.1, 41.2, 41.3, 42.1, 43.1, 44.1, 45.1, 46.1, 48.1, 49.1, 53.1

Philip, one of Twelve Apostles, from Bethsaida (Galilee) and friend of Peter, Andrew, James and John. He was a disciple of the Baptist; when the Master called him, the recognition that Jesus was the Messiah guided him to run and find Bartholomew, exclaiming, “We have met the man spoken of by Moses in the Law, and by the prophets!” At the feeding of the five thousand, he almost had faith in answering the Lord’s question about bread. When Greeks came to seek Jesus, Philip got Andrew to help. At the Last Supper he asked, “Lord, show us the Father and we ask no more,” to which Jesus replied, “He who has seen me has seen the Father.” But, at Pentecost in the upper room, the fire of the Spirit ignited the spark of faith that was inside Philip.
Chapters: 9.1, 17.1, 21.1, 27.1, 31.1, 34.1

Philip the Evangelist, one of seven Greek-speaking deacons of the early church. He established churches in Samaria with great success and along the coast of Palestine, where following the Lord’s command he preached to the Gentiles, and made his home in Caesarea. Paul and Luke stayed with him for a time at the completion of the apostle’s Third Missionary Journey.
Chapter: 48.1

Phoebe (Phebe), one of first deaconesses of Christian church and highly recommended by Paul, was serving in Cenchrea, port of Corinth when Paul arrived there, she was entrusted to personally deliver his important letter to the Romans
Chapter: 52.1

Pilate, Pontius, Roman procurator of Judea A.D. 26-36 during Christ’s ministry, husband of Claudia Procula. He is known for his cowardly weakness in the condemnation of Jesus to Roman crucifixion in A.D. 30 in spite of his wife’s warning, was removed from office by Rome in 36, same year as Caiaphas.
Chapters: 38.1, 39.1, 40.1, 48.1

Priscilla, owner of tent making business with husband Aquila in Corinth where they received Paul into their home, and were his close associates for the rest of his life
Chapters: 51.2, 52.1, 53.1

Publius, chief magistrate on island of Malta who invited Paul and his companions, Luke and Aristarchus, to spend a few days in his home as guests. While Paul was there he healed Publius’ father.
Chapter: 53.1


Quirinius, Roman governor of Syria at time Jesus went to Temple at age twelve. Roman province included Judea, Samaria, and Idumaea.


Rachel (fictitious name), Peter’s wife
Chapter: 14.1

Rebekah (fictitious name), Jairus’ twelve-year-old daughter whom Jesus raised from death
Chapter: 20.1

Rhoda, servant girl at the home of Mary the mother of John Mark
Chapter: 49.1


Salome, sister of Mary of Nazareth, wife of Zebedee, mother of Apostles John and James. One of the women who provided aid to Jesus and his apostles, present at Jesus’ crucifixion, among the women who came to tomb and was given the angels’ message, Jesus appeared to her and other women after his resurrection. (She is not related to Salome, Herodias’ daughter.)
Chapters: 29.1, 39.1, 40.1, 41.1, 41.3

Samuel (fictitious person), twelve-year-old son of Ezra the coppersmith who was lowered into Peter’s house to be healed by Jesus
Chapter: 15.2

Samuel the Prophet, Old Testament judge and priest, wrote 1 & 2 Samuel, anointed Saul as first King of Israel, was sent to Bethlehem and anointed David as Saul’s successor

Sarah (fictitious name), Peter’s mother-in-law, Christ cured her fever
Chapter: 14.1

Satan (prince of this world, evil one, devil, tempter, etc.), spiritual being created by God, fallen angel, ruler of spiritual underworld and demons (fallen angels), father of temptation and evil
Chapters: 8.2, 36.1

Seth (fictitious name), young lawyer and expert in Jewish law in Jericho
Chapter: 25.1

Silas, prominent member of Jerusalem church, Roman citizen, accompanied Paul on his Second Missionary Journey, was with Paul in prison at Philippi, and was competent member of both Paul’s teaching team and Peter’s staff in Rome
Chapters: 51.1, 52.1, 53.1

Simeon, righteous man who held child Jesus in Temple and prophesied
Chapter: 3.1

Simon the Zealot, one of Twelve Apostles, a revolutionist with flaming zeal for the Jewish nationalist party. At first Simon might have been attracted to Jesus in hopes that he might kick out the Romans, but in listening to Jesus’ words, he discovered a peaceful way to conquer Rome—by first conquering people’s hearts.
Chapter: 17.1

Simon, younger half-brother of Jesus, son of Joseph-bar-Jacob and Mary of Nazareth

Simon, leatherworker (tanner) in Joppa, Jewish Christian, Peter stayed at his house where he had a vision of clean and unclean animals and received commission to accept Gentiles into the church
Chapter: 48.1

Solomon, son of David and Bathsheba, successor as King of Israel, built first Jerusalem Temple. Jesus spoke in Solomon’s Portico, a vast colonnade along the east wall of the Court of the Gentiles.

Stephen, first and foremost of the seven Greek-speaking deacons of the early church, first Christian Martyr A.D. 36
Chapter: 46.1

Susanna, supported Christ’s ministry with Mary Magdalene, Joanna, and others


Tabitha (Dorcas), disciple in Joppa who did acts of kindness and charity; first time Peter raised anyone from the dead
Chapter: 48.1

Thaddaeus, Judas, or Jude (son of James), one of Twelve Apostles. At the Last Supper, Thaddaeus (meaning “great-heart”) asked, “Lord, Why are you going to reveal yourself to us alone and not to the world?” Jesus understood him and said, “Whoever does not love me ignores my words, in spite of the fact that my teaching originates from the Father who sent me. But anyone who loves me will heed what I say; then my Father will love him, and we will come to him and make our dwelling with him.”
Chapter: 17.1, 34.1

Thomas (Didymus), one of Twelve Apostles. Jesus was patient with Thomas. He was probably older and more skeptical, needing more proof for his faith to grow. But Jesus saw the loyalty in his heart. When Christ was returning to Bethany to raise Lazarus from the dead, Thomas said to his fellow disciples, “Let us also go, that we may die with him.” At the Last Supper, Thomas asked the Lord, “We do not know where you are going; how do we know the way?” Jesus’ answer of “I am the way, the truth, and the life” didn’t put Thomas’ doubts to rest. After the resurrection, the “seeing is believing” apostle said, “Unless I put my finger into the place where the nails were, and my hand into his side, I will not believe it.” Christ’s divine humility shattered the apostle’s composure. From the doubter and unbeliever broke the great cry of faith, “My Lord and my God!”
Chapters: 17.1, 27.1, 34.1, 42.1, 43.1

Tiberius, became Roman emperor in A.D. 14 after the death of Augustus. During the time he was emperor, Jesus began his ministry, the early church came into being, and Paul was converted. He died in A.D. 37 and Caligula became emperor.

Timothy, closest companion and messenger of Paul, was called his “dear and faithful child in the Lord,” his “brother,” and “fellow worker.” Timothy was the son of a Greek father and Jewish Christian mother Eunice, and was the grandson of Lois in Lystra. He was entirely free to assist Paul from the time of Paul’s Second Missionary Journey until his death in Rome, possibly a period of seventeen years. Paul wrote two epistles to him.
Chapter: 51.1, 52.1, 53.1

Titus, Greek son of Gentiles, convert, friend, and helper of Paul. During Paul’s Third Missionary Journey, Titus was assigned missions to Corinth and much later to Crete.
Chapter: 52.1

Tychicus, close friend and helper of Paul from Asia Minor, possibly Ephesus; one of the delegates chosen to carry the relief fund to Jerusalem at the end of Paul’s Third Missionary Journey; was with Paul during his first Roman imprisonment, and bearer of his letters to Colossians, Ephesians, and Philemon


Widow, poor woman in Temple who dropped her last two pennies into one of the treasury boxes as a gift to the Lord
Chapter: 31.1


Zacchaeus, one of the most influential Jews in the Roman tax collecting business, chief publican and head of tax and customs department in Jericho. Jesus was a guest in his home.
Chapter: 29.1

Zebedee, father of Apostles John and James, husband of Salome (sister of Mary mother of Jesus), prominent fisherman in Bethsaida Galilee with his sons, also had a business in Jerusalem supplying rich men with fish, including the high priest
Chapters: 9.1, 10.1, 14.1

Zechariah, priest, descendant of Aaron, father of John the Baptist, husband of Elizabeth
Chapter: 5.1

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